• Saturn

    Saturn is the second largest planet in the universe after Jupiter and is the sixth planet away from the sun.  The planet has been recognised since ancient times and is most widely known in pop culture for its rings.  In fact, every few years in the orbit of Saturn the earth passes through its rings.  Saturn is the least dense of all the planets and is made mostly of gases.  It is made of helium and hydrogen for the most part although there are also a few traces of methane, ammonia, and water.  Its interior core is made of a liquid metallic hydrogen layer that is underneath a hydrogen layer.

    The temperature on Saturn is very hot reaching up to 12000K at the core.  Though the rings of Saturn look solid from the Earth, they are actually composed of water ice and some rocky particles that have ice encasings.

    Most of the rings are 250,000km in diameter but are not more than 1km in width.  Saturn has many moons out of which 34 are identified and two of which rotate at the same synchronized rate.  The planet is visible with the naked eye at certain times of the year from the Earth but you will need a telescope to see its rings.